The Application Of Cutting-Edge Technology Inb Jermasia Goat Breeding
Professor Dr. Ramli Abdullah & Professor Dr. Wan Khadijah Wan Embong

Part of the content:
In Malaysia, goat farming industry is
accorded high priority in the Third National
Agriculture Plan (NAP3), especially in
meeting the country’s demand for goat
meat. To date, the Malaysian government
has emphasized on agricultural
development following the 1997 economic
downturn in which food import exceeded
RM 12 billion per year. In addition, 15,000
ton metric goat meat, which forms 95% of
the country demand, is imported every year to meet
the local demand of 700,000 goats per year. However,
the population of the goats in Malaysia stands at only
200,000 and this figure is expected to decrease every
The selling price of goat meat is RM15-20 per kg and
the consumption per capita is 0.5 kg. In Malaysia, goat
meat is edible to all races and faith. Goat meat is also
low in fat (3%) compared to other meats such as cattle
and sheep (16%). Based on Malaysia’s supply and
demand, social and cultural background, hence,
commercialization of goat farming promises exciting
opportunities and returns.
Currently, the development of goat farming in Malaysia
is restricted by the insufficient number of suitable
breeds of commercial purposes. At present, live goats
are imported and bred in Malaysia.
However, this poses a variety of problems such as the
high cost of imported breeds, inconsistent stock
quality and inability to adapt to tropical climate. As a
result, the goats have low resistance to diseases and
thus, higher mortality rate.
To ensure success in the commercialization plan, a few
criteria have to be fulfilled . The criteria includes
selection of goats breed that is adaptable to tropical
climate and yields higher growth rate per unit
exchange of feed, nutritional requirement, i.e., optimal
balance between concentrate and grass, and diseasefree
status, which involves good farm management
and practices.

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